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心脏健康常见问题


血压问题

What are some steps to take to 降低血压?

Like it sounds, "blood pressure" refers to the pressure of the circulatory system's blood. Blood pressure directly corresponds with things like a person's heartbeat and arteries. Blood pressure is at its highest level when the heart beats and lowest in the resting period between beats.

What are some steps to take to 降低血压?

People with 高血压 should consult their doctor before changing their diet or implementing an exercise routine. Some doctors may also recommend medication that can help 降低血压. Simple steps everyone can take to lower their blood pressure include eating a healthier, 低钠饮食, 锻炼, 避免有压力的活动, and limiting smoking and alcohol consumption.

How does 高血压 contribute to heart disease?

Blood pressure is essential to moving oxygen through the body. When blood pressure becomes too high, it puts extra pressure on the body's circulatory system.

心脏病问题

什么是心脏病?

心 disease is a term that encompasses a range of different heart-related conditions. 通常 this is distinguished from cardiovascular conditions such as congenital heart disease, which is a result of a birth defect.

导致心脏病的原因?

A variety of things can cause heart disease. Some of the common factors include tobacco smoking or secondhand smoke, 高脂肪饮食, 高血压, high blood sugar (common in diabetics), 动脉中的斑块堆积, 和更多的.

Does smoking increase risk of heart disease?

Smoking increases the risk of heart disease because the chemicals found in tobacco smoke damage blood cells. This type of damage causes plaque to build up in the arteries. When plaque builds in the arteries, the arteries become smaller and less flexible, putting a serious strain on the flow of oxygen. Smoking alone can put an individual at risk for heart disease, and is extremely dangerous in conjunction with other risk factors like high cholesterol and being overweight.

Does heart disease run in families?

If you know that heart disease or stroke runs in your family, there is a chance that you may be at a greater risk for developing heart disease at some point in your life.

心脏病问题

导致心脏病发作的原因?

心 attacks are caused by blocked arteries. Arteries become blocked when plaque builds up and strains the flow of blood and oxygen. Other potential causes of heart attack include coronary spasms and heart artery tears.

What are the symptoms of heart attack in men and women?

The most common indicator of a heart attack is severe chest pain or pressure in that region. Some men also experience pain in various parts of their head like the jaw or teeth. Some men find it difficult to breath during a heart attack or experience pain in their left arm (sometimes the right arm).

The symptoms are similar for women, but often much less severe. Many women who experience heart attack never notice any symptoms. 虽然男人可以体验手臂, 回来, 脖子, and jaw pain during a heart attack, these symptoms are more common on women. Women can also experience abdominal pressure, nausea, fatigue, and light-headedness.

What can be done to reduce risk of heart attack?

If your doctor tells you that you are at a high risk for heart attack, they will likely recommend that you take steps like improving your cholesterol, 锻炼, 以健康的速度减肥, 管理你的压力水平.

预防问题

什么是压力测试?

Most stress tests involve monitoring a patient's heart while the patient performs rigorous exercise.

肥胖会导致心脏病吗?

Overweight and obese individuals are certainly at an increased risk of heart disease, but it isn't necessarily the weight that causes heart disease. 通常, overweight people are characterized by a high-cholesterol, high-fat diet and minimal exercise. It is these factors that can lead to heart disease.

什么是“心脏健康”饮食?

心 healthy foods are things like fruits and vegetables, 全谷物, 鱼, 鸡, 坚果, and foods that are low in sugar - especially refined sugars.

How does regular exercise help reduce the risk of heart disease?

Physical activity can help people reach and maintain a healthy weight, 降低血压, 减少有害胆固醇, 增加有益胆固醇.

What are some good resources to learn more about heart disease and prevention?

The American 心 Association is a great resource for finding out more about heart disease and prevention. We also strongly recommend consulting your physician for more tailored advice, 建议, and treatment regarding your specific health needs.
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